The Outdoor School Program strives to ensure a physical and learning environment which protects the health, safety and welfare of students and staff. As part of this goal program staff may at any time search program facilities and equipment including cabins, desks and computers. Neither staff nor students have a reasonable expectation of privacy regarding program facilities or equipment.
Program staff may, subject to the requirements below, search a student leader's person and property, including property assigned by the program for the student leader‟s use. Searches may be conducted at any time.
All student searches for evidence of a violation will be conducted by the program staff subject to the following requirements:
1. Program staff members shall have individualized, “reasonable suspicion” to believe evidence of a violation of law, Board policy, administrative regulation or school or program rule or otherwise illegal possession is present in a particular place. Program staff may also search when they have reasonable information that emergency/dangerous circumstances exist.
2. The search shall be “reasonable in scope.” That is, the measures used are reasonably related to the objectives of the search and not excessively intrusive in light of the age, sex, and maturity of the student and nature of the infraction.
3. The search will be conducted by the Site Supervisor, with at least one additional Outdoor School staff member in attendance.
Program staff may seize any item which is evidence of a violation of law, Board policy, administrative regulation or school or program rule, or otherwise is prohibited by law, policy, regulation or rule.
Oregon Trail Overnight is an overnight “field trip” program for fourth grade students, provided by the Multnomah Education Service District Outdoor Schools department. Any fourth grade class who can raise enough money to provide the tuition fee for the program may participate. Oregon Trail operates in the Spring of each school year. Schools are scheduled on a first come, first served basis.
Oregon Trail Overnight uses some of the same sites as the Outdoor School programs. The primary site is Kuratli at Camp Trestle Glen in Boring, OR. Classes of fourth graders arrive on site Tuesday and Thursday of each week and leave Wednesday and Friday. Staff and Student Leaders arrive on Monday and leave on Friday.
The Oregon Trail Overnight has a small staff, as follows:
1 Site Supervisor
1 to 2 Program Leaders
2 to 4 Field Instructors
8 to 20 High School Student Leaders
2 to 4 Fourth Grade Classes
2 to 4 Classroom Teachers
1 Head Cook
2 Kitchen Assistants
Following is a brief description of staff personnel:
Site Supervisor: Has total responsibility for operation of the site and makes the final decision in areas of conflict.
Program Leader: Organizes information to share for each class that attends Oregon Trail. Responsible for health and welfare of each student and staff member. Holds and dispenses prescription medication to students and Student Leaders. Responsible for checking site facilities and staff practices for high health standards. Responsible for inventories of equipment and supplies and general logistics of the Oregon Trail site. Responsible for working with high school student leaders to ensure a successful experience for them in working as a “Trail Guide” with a cabin group. Responsible for field day activities. Assists in program activities (when available) such as hobo stove cookout, evening activities, general tasks (clearing tables, weekly clean up, etc.), and campfire programs.
Field Instructor: Cooperatively responsible with teachers for implementing the curriculum pertaining to their area of field study. Also designs a workshop training program and weekly training program for the high school student leaders. Responsible for training and supervising high school student leaders who assist in implementing the curriculum. A new group of high school student leaders arrives each week. Completes written evaluations of the performance of high school student leaders each week. Assists in program activities such as hobo stove cookout, evening activities, general tasks (clearing tables, weekly clean up, etc.), field day and campfire programs.
Classroom Teacher: Ultimately responsible for the conduct and discipline of the students in their class. Cooperate and participate in all phases of the program.
Head Cook and Cook’s Assistants: Responsible for supplying a balanced and adequate diet for all persons attending Oregon Trail.
1. Desire to work with children in a positive, supportive manner.
2. Ability to communicate with fourth-grade students, classroom teachers, Oregon Trail Overnight personnel, parents, and peers.
3. Exhibit enthusiasm, maturity, responsibility, flexibility, initiative, and leadership.
4. Enjoy the out-of-doors.
5. Receive recommendation of high school counselor and parental permission.
6. Maintain passing grades, good attendance, completion of all homework.
7. Meet Student Leader Expectations at Student Leader Workshop.
1. Field Instructor directly and Site Supervisor ultimately.
1. Assist as an instructor for a resource area.
2. Work with staff to create a living history character to portray during your week at Oregon Trail.
3. Aid the fourth grade students and their parents in all phases of the Oregon Trail Overnight program.
4. Serve as a “trail guide” to a cabin group – helping the parents with key cabin times.
5. Maintain open communication with Oregon Trail personnel, parents, and classroom teachers.
6. Seek assistance when needed.
1. Each Student Leader receives a written evaluation at the conclusion of the Oregon Trail week. The High School Student Leader is evaluated on the Student Leader Expectations.
2. The Student Leader, the High School Counselor and the Outdoor School office each receive a copy of the written evaluations.
Each Student Leader will:
1. Provide instruction to individuals and small groups.
2. Give clear instruction.
3. Follow lesson plans.
4. Use questioning to review and reinforce information.
5. Use appropriate voice tone for activity.
6. Listen to students.
7. Keep students on task.
8. Reinforce students appropriately.
9. Use neutral or reinforcing tone of voice with children.
10. Follow Behavior Support Protocol and ODS Discipline Code.
11. Develop rapport with students.
12. Count students regularly.
13. Keep students in sight.
14. Care for instructional materials and equipment.
15. Ask questions when needing information.
16. Attend to task.
17. Interact in a friendly, cheerful manner.
18. Adapt to changes in schedule or routine.
19. Use appropriate behavior with students and other Student Leaders.
20. Refer problems to Field Instructor, teacher, or other staff member.
21. Use appropriate behavior with students.
22. Use appropriate behavior with other Student Leaders.
At each high school a staff member(s) has been designated as the Outdoor School's primary contact person. Information from the Multnomah Outdoor School office is sent through this contact who may in turn pass it on to other faculty members. Initial selection of Student Leaders is the responsibility of the high school contact(s).
If you are interested in becoming a Student Leader it is important that you consider carefully the following criteria for yourself:
1. Do you feel you would like to work with fourth grade youngsters?
2. Can you afford to be away from high school for one week?
3. Is your personality such that you are a pleasant person to be around?
4. Can you assume a position of leadership with young people?
5. Are you the type of person to which parents would entrust the care of their children? (Do you have high personal standards?)
6. Do you enjoy the out-of-doors? (Enough to be outside in a mixture of weather?)
7. Do you have an interest in history or drama?
8. Do you feel you can meet the Student Leader Expectations?
A positive answer to the above criteria should ensure a unique and highly gratifying experience for you, one which cannot be duplicated during your school career.
The final selection of Student Leaders is made by the staff at the Oregon Trail site which you attend during your two-day workshop. The staff will evaluate your performance using the list of Student Leader Expectations. If, in the judgment of the permanent staff, it would be in the best interest of Oregon Trail that you not attend, you will be notified by a personal letter. At the conclusion of the two-day workshop all accepted Student Leaders‟ names will be sent to the appropriate high school where the high school counselor will have the final option on approval. In the event you are not approved by your high school you will be notified.
At the Oregon Trail Overnight program, we use living history to create excitement and authenticity.
What is living history?
It is giving participants a first-hand view of history. Living history appeals to students’ imaginations to bring a period of time to life for them. First person interpretation is acting like a person from a certain time in history with no recognition of the modern day. The goal is to speak, think, and act like someone who traveled on or was associated with the Oregon Trail.
Why is it important to our program?
Bringing history to life makes it fun and allows students to feel more association with the past than they normally would through books or other educational materials. Using a living history approach on the Oregon Trail program adds educational value to everything we do.
Who are we?
Each staff member and student leader at the Oregon Trail Overnight chooses to create a character that fits into the Oregon Trail history. There are many options available for choosing/creating a character. It is difficult to become an actual person from history and remain historically accurate. We, therefore work to create a fictional character from the period. Using personal experience as much as possible, and remaining oneself in terms of personality, attitudes, gender, race, etc. is important. We simply create “ourselves" living in the past.
Where are we on the Oregon Trail?
Oregon City was the end of the trail for most pioneers. It was where the arduous six month journey ended and the center of government. Each of our sites tells a slightly different story of the settling at the end of the trail.
WORKING WITH FOURTH GRADE STUDENTS
What is Appropriate?
WORKING WITH OTHER STUDENT LEADERS
What is Appropriate?
There are topics of conversation and ways of interacting that may be appropriate in the High School environment that are NOT appropriate at Oregon Trail.
Please keep in mind that:
OREGON TRAIL IS A:
Drug Free Zone
Tobacco Free Zone
Alcohol Free Zone
Sex Free Zone
Violence Free Zone
Discussing these topics at Oregon Trail is not okay. If students are engaged in a discussion of these topics please redirect them towards more appropriate conversation.
Child Mover Ideas
There will be many times during the week when you will find it necessary to move your resource group from place to place. This can be most difficult if you have not planned how to line them up, or how to actually move them. So . . . to help you keep from tearing your hair out as your group of children race in six different directions . . . here are lots of different ways that you can line up your group of children when lines are called for.
1. By hair color (brown first, blond second, etc.)
2. Eye color (green first, blue second . . .)
3. Shoe size (size 10 first . . .)
4. Sports (those who play baseball first, basketball second . . .)
5. Favorites (those whose favorite food is ice cream go first, pizza second, hamburgers third...)
6. Alphabetical (all those whose last name begins with “S” go first . . . )
7. Questions (the person who answers the question gets to go first . . .)
8. Jobs (each time you move the cabin group, you ask one person what he/she wants to be when he/she grows up, and that person gets to lead the line)
9. Books (the person who can tell the group about a neat book they just read, gets to go first)
Hints for Discipline
1. Don‟t be afraid to say “no”.
2. Be sure the child knows the correct behavior and what he/she is doing wrong.
3. Give lots of positive feedback for appropriate behavior and down-play the inappropriate behavior ... constant positive reinforcement for your students makes them WANT to act appropriately.
4. Don‟t issue threats ... (“Do this or I‟ll”) ... children will take you up on them!
5. Give choices, let the children decide how they want to do something. (Always include what you want done in the choices, and be sure that all choices are something you can live with). Let them CHOOSE rather than be forced to do something. A child will always win a direct confrontation or a power struggle!
6. Last, but not least ... ALWAYS go to a staff member for help whenever you have a problem that worries you or that you don‟t feel comfortable handling. The staff are there to help you and to work as partners with you regarding any problems you may encounter!